As your garden grows, you will find that you have more shade than sun in areas under trees and bushes. Find out how to make the most of it with our tips for maintaining an established garden.
As your garden matures you will find that you have more shade than sun in areas under trees and large bushes.
While it may seem a bit daunting at first (there used to be so much sun!!), it is really where you can express your personality and individuality by adding some layers to your garden.
Here are my tips to help you in maintaining an established garden.
Tip 1: Limb Up Large Bushes
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Limb up the bushes and cut out the new bottom growth.
I do this in the spring so that the larger bushes, like French lilac, are encouraged to have top bloom, leaving the base area free for smaller shade bushes and perennials.
Tip 2: Assess The Light
Assess the area for hours of sunlight.
I look at the garden from all directions with light in mind before I make my plant list. Make notes on how much of the area is in shade and how much in sun.
Tip 3: Put Plants In The Right Locations
Use this information to choose the right shade, or part shade plant for the location. Finding the right plant for the right location helps make maintaining the garden much easier.
Under a canopy such as Japanese maple you will probably want to put ferns and hostas (or other shade-loving perennials). But you may find that columbines will do better on the periphery where there is more light.
Tip 4: Discourage Weeds
Use dense planting to discourage weeds.
I am a plant junky who feels compelled to try new plants. This means I am always looking for a few inches of bare soil to place new acquisitions. I reap big rewards with less weeding!
Tip 5: Repeat The Plants
Remember, if one plant is good, three is better.
Having the same plant and color echoed throughout the garden adds continuity and avoids a hodge-podge look.
In this picture the repeated color and texture of Japanese Maples draws your eye down the path. The beautiful Japanese tree peony with the huge purple blooms helps, too!
Tip 6: Avoid Invasive Plants
Avoid using invasive plants.
I have made the mistake of planting periwinkle for its lovely blue flowers. Now it has spread everywhere and chokes out everything else.
I also have an expanding patch of Lily of the Valley that started in my neighbor’s yard. Both these plants like shade and are hard to get rid of once established.
Instead, it is better to have some Forget-me-nots, an old perennial that self seeds. Its lovely blue flowers are charming and the plant is easy to pull out if it is in your way.
Tip 7: Amend The Soil
Amend the soil with triple mix when you plant a new plant.
I also add triple-mix and compost around the existing bushes and plants at least once every two years.
Tip 8: Vary Plant Heights
Incorporate height variety.
Generally the shorter plants are in front but I try to avoid having all the plants at one level. Add some shorter ones behind the taller ones to pique curiosity.
Tip 9: Consider Foliage As Well As Flowers
Consider foliage shape and color as well as flowers.
Japanese maples are a favorite of mine for their diversity of leaves and variety of hues.
I also love plants with blue foliage which can look very subdued.
To punch it up a notch I add Pieris Formosa for its red bronze leaves, or Chardonnay Pearls Deutzia with its yellow leaves and white flowers. They practically glow in the shade!
Tip 10: Add Year Round Interest
Think in terms of year round interest.
I plant perennials and shrubs that will have a succession of blooms or changing leaf color throughout the growing season.
I rely heavily on evergreens for the winter. Rhododendrons, false cypress, and yews are staples in my garden, along with Hoopsii and Montgomery spruce.
In the spring, daffodils and tulips are finished blooming by the time the deciduous leaves of companion perennials unfold.
Because space is precious, I sometimes dual plant. The bulbs, trilliums, and fern leaf peonies disappear by mid July and give way to fall anemones which are placed in close proximity.
Tip 11: “Candle” Evergreens
“Candle” evergreens in late spring when new growth has started.
To do this, cut off at least half of the new growth. You can tell what the new growth is because it is usually lighter in color.
This will contain the size and encourage denser growth.
Tip 12: Use Mulch
Apply a 3-4 inch layer of mulch around all plants annually. This helps retain moisture and acts as a weed barrier.
Tip 13: Install Garden Art
Garden art can be made from plants, too. A well placed pot of begonias on a fence or plinth will make you smile.
Be cautious about placing too many small pieces around. Little ornaments can make a yard look junky. It is better to have a few large items that act as focal points.
Tip 14: Add Water
Adding a water feature or two is an easy way to add interest to your yard.
The sound of water definitely enhances the spirit of a garden.
But even a simple bird bath adds a feeling of serenity. And encourages the birds to visit.
Tip 15: Light It Up
Landscape lighting will add a magical element to your garden.
Highlight selected plants and sculptures by pointing landscape spot lights up and down them so that your garden enjoyment is extended into the evening.